As the world grows increasingly digital, individual companies and organizations turn away from maintaining their own data storage servers with increasing frequency. The cloud has become an omnipresent answer to not only database storage but also access to software that does not actually exist in the workplace. Cloud servers exist all around the world and provide convenience and security over the Internet.
A cloud server does not exist as a physical machine. Instead, it uses virtualization to ensure constant uptime and increased security for the accessible data and applications. Anyone with an Internet connection and permission can use the cloud.
This simple explanation touches only the surface of cloud deployment. Public, private, and hybrid options exist. Each have benefits and potential drawbacks to consider.
What Is a Public Cloud?
As the name implies, the public cloud is most easily accessed by anyone with the right to do so. A cloud service provider owns the system and gives permission to users for storage, shared application use, web-based email, and accessing virtual environments to develop test software. Using the public cloud has multiple benefits. First, it is inexpensive when compared with other options because it operates on a kind of à la carte mode where you only pay for what you use. Second, users have no responsibility for maintenance at all. That is handled by the service provider. Third, you can use any amount of the public cloud you need. It is virtually infinite. Finally, the fact that the global cloud network is so massive makes it reliable and stable.
What Is a Private Cloud?
With all these same benefits of cloud computing and storage, the private option is either located at or dedicated to a specific company or organization. While a third party may own and maintain it, only members of that business can access it. In general, organizations that need a higher degree of security and do not want to risk infiltration from outside cloud users prefer the private type. These include banks, government agencies, and large corporations with proprietary information.
The benefits of utilizing a private cloud include higher levels of security, flexibility beyond maintenance of physical, in-house data centers, and the ability to scale access as needed.
What Is a Hybrid Cloud?
If your organization needs characteristics of both the public and private cloud, a hybrid option may work best. These flexible systems allow application access and information to travel as needed between in-house infrastructure and the public cloud out there in the world. These are mostly used for different types of tasks within the same company. Any everyday activities like sending email or accessing administrative programs work well in the public cloud. When greater security is needed for financial documentation or sensitive R&D information, the private cloud gets used.
This multi-pronged approach to cloud computing costs less than a sole focus on private cloud, offers increased flexibility for different aspects of doing business, and keeps things under tight control when necessary.
The cloud does so much more than offer a convenient way to store and access data. This worldwide tech phenomenon provides numerous benefits for a wide variety of business applications and function.